BMM System Hardware and

Blast Movement Monitors

A Blast Movement Monitor (BMM) is installed in a blast pattern and moves with the rock during a blast.

BMMs are available in four colours, which means multiple balls can be placed in a single hole to monitor mid-bench or flitch-boundary movement.

To account for different blasting conditions, BMMs can be set to activate in either Standard or Blast Anytime mode.

Blast Anytime BMMs

  • Activate upon sensing a blast
  • Remain in a dormant state until activated
  • Move with the blast material
  • Transmit post-blast position
  • Optional activation delay in 1-hour increments
  • Installation can occur days or weeks ahead of blast

Standard BMMs

  • Activate at installation time
  • Transmit once activated
  • Move with the blast material
  • Transmit post-blast position
  • Optional activation delay in 4-hour increments



The Detector senses and records the location of BMMs in the blast pattern (pre-blast) and muckpile (post-blast). The BMM location data is transferred to the BMM Explorer software.

BMT offers three types of detector: Standard, Survey-enabled and Flight-enabled

Standard Detector

5300 BMM-standard-detector
The standard detector measures BMM pre- and post-blast depth, and BMM precise location is surveyed by the mine site survey team.

  • Senses BMM depth in the muckpile
  • Able to detect BMMs up to a depth of 15m
Survey Enabled Detector

The survey-enabled detector (SED) makes detection a one step process through simultaneous recording of BMM depth and high precision GPS coordinates.

  • Senses BMM depth in the muckpile
  • Records BMM location to 10cm (4 in) location accuracy
  • Able to detect BMMs up to a depth of 15m
  • Compatible with Leica and Trimble GNSS receivers
  • Integrated survey reduces time on the muckpile

Flight Enabled Detector

Our latest innovation … commercially available from January 2020

The FLIGHT-ENABLED DETECTOR (FED) is a UAV based BMM detector. It flies semi-autonomous missions to detect Blast Movement Monitors (BMMs) in the muck pile (post-blast) and simultaneously records their depth and high precision GPS coordinates.

  • Automated flight control and customizable flight plan
  • Vertical (downward) and horizontal (forward) collision detection systems
  • Built-in GNSS receiver
  • DJI M600 Pro Airframe
  • Returns home on 25% battery and once the batteries are replaced it can resume the mission from the point where it was suspended



BMM Explorer

BMM Explorer calculates new dig lines for the shovels and areas of ore loss, dilution and misclassification that would have occurred if blast movement was not accounted for. It is the world’s most advanced software for defining ore polygons after blasting, and is integral to the BMM System.

BMM Explorer v3.6 has so many new features including our easy to use ‘blast wizard’ and new look GUI !
  • Renewed look and feel to the user interface with changes to layout, menu and icons
  • A new ‘Build a Blast Wizard’ provides an easier and more streamlined method to define a blast
  • Automatic blast archiving in the background to address database loading speed issues
  • Integrated input data validation to enhance data quality
  • “Misclassification Only” option particularly useful for soft bulk ore calculations.
  • Blast archiving by date
  • Progress bar for upload/download database to/from cloud
  • Upload to Cloud now includes the most recent BMM Detector database along with the BMM Explorer database
  • Improved database loading speed.
  • Increased importing speed for large ore block file
  • “Misclassification Summary” sheet added to the Iron Ore Value Calculator
  • Improved readability of existing dynamic messages
  • Automatic check for whether a user is using the latest version of BMM Explorer
  • Exporting of Russian/French/Spanish attributes to moved ore blocks files has been implemented
  • Paper-based User Manual has been replaced by online videos which can be accessed from within the BMM Explorer and by logging in to the Support Centre on BMT website
  • “What’s new” link has been added to the “Help” dropdown list in BMM Explorer




BMM Explorer enables you to:
  • Store BMM location data and blast design parameters in a database
  • Calculate 3D movement vectors
  • Transpose ore polygons to account for blast movement
  • Share this data in tables and blast plan diagrams with drill and blast and production
  • Export/import data in text-based formats, such at .csv or .txt, or in formats for mining software such as Datamine, GEMS, JKSimBlast, Minesight, ShotPlus5, Surpac and Vulcan
  • Plan the optimum number and location of BMMs for each blast monitored
To download the latest BMM Explorer v3.6, login to your support page here 

Financial Benefit: Value Calculator

BMT’s Value Calculator quantifies the additional revenue realised by blast movement monitoring: it calculates the potential value lost if ore polygons were mined in their pre-blast (in situ) location rather than their post-blast location.

Value Calculator:

  • Compares ore blocks in their pre- and post-blast locations
  • Calculates the tonnage and value of ore loss, dilution and misclassification
  • Reports the financial benefit the mine would realise if blast movement was accounted for.



Value-calculator quantifies ore recovered

In this example, Value Calculator shows that this customer would have added more than US$600,000 by accounting for blast movement in this blast. This includes an additional 28,000 tonnes (31,000 Tons) of ore and 27,000 tonnes (29,700 Tons) of waste that was diverted from the mill.

The following inputs were used to calculate these figures.
– Gold price: US$1,250 per oz
– Gold recovery 90.8 %
– Rock density 2.9 tonne/m³
– Processing cost US$10 per tonne

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